Last updated on July 18th, 2018
Have you come across the growing number of house sits with the pets listed as llamas or alpacas?
As hobby farming increases, so do the house sitting jobs requiring someone to care for different types of hobby farm “pets”. Think about it, you can’t really take a couple of alpacas down to the boarding kennels!
We first came across these curious creatures at a farmer’s market while house sitting in Australia, and then again at a local fete while on a house sit in the south of England.
To be honest, I wasn’t really sure if they were llamas or alpacas, so in anticipation of a future llama or alpaca sit, I decided it was time to learn more about these delightful animals.
Let’s start with the differences between llamas and alpacas:
- SIZE – Lllamas are roughly twice the size of alpacas at between 200 and 350 pounds.
- HEIGHT – Llamas are taller – At the shoulder they are between 42 and 46 inches. The shorter alpaca is between 34 and 36 inches.
- EARS – Alpaca’s have shorter spear-shaped ears while llamas have much longer curved, banana-shaped ears.
- FACES – From the side, llamas generally have a longer face. Alpacas have a shorter, more “squashed” appearance. It can vary, but llamas usually have very little hair on their head and face. Alpacas have a large tuft of hair on the top of their head that falls into their eyes.
- PURPOSE – For centuries alpacas have been bred for the fiber in their fleeces (and in Peru for meat as well). Llamas have been bred for the same amount of time as pack animals and meat.
- FLEECE – The llama has a coarse outer coat over a softer inner coat – as opposed to the alpaca, which has a very fine, single coat. The alpaca also produces more fleece and in a much greater variety of colors.
- DISPOSITION – Alpacas are very much herd animals, while llamas are more independent minded.
Personality & Temperament
Everyone has a different view on how “friendly” llamas and alpacas are, especially with new or temporary owners. What is apparent though is that both animals can be kind, intelligent, curious and gentle, although alpacas can be more nervous and skittish.
Alpacas can be heard humming softly to each other when penned, but they will make a shrill call if startled or scared by a predator. If you annoy them they will cluck and even spit when under immense pressure.
Because they are so intelligent, alpacas learn quickly what you need them to know. Halter training, getting into and out of trailers, and toe-nail trimming shouldn’t be too difficult. They also have long memories so seldom forget what they’ve learned.
Llamas are born with a gentle, inquisitive nature and are not aggressive or confrontational. They will play and chase each around and may even enjoy being taken out for walks. Breeding males, on the other hand, that are allowed to run with females all the time can get territorial and possessive, so beware!
It’s important to know what basic husbandry you’ll need to undertake when looking after llamas and alpacas, so we’ve provided a basic introduction to what you might need to do:
House Sitting Care for Llamas
All livestock, whatever it is, should be checked at least once a day. Observing the animals and learning about their normal behavior helps you recognize if something is wrong.
However, llamas are some of the easiest animals to keep because they are hardy and generally very healthy animals. Llamas have a soft padded foot with a strong nail at the end, which may need to be trimmed yearly but more likely requires no trimming at all.
For most llamas, grazing and occasional extra hay is enough to keep them healthy. You may have to provide extra vitamins and minerals if they are lacking in their forage, but the home owner will advise on this matter.
Mucking out llamas is easy. They tend to poo in one part of their house or field only, producing tidy little heaps of pellets that are easily shoveled away.
It’s easy for both llamas and alpacas to become overweight, and you may be asked to “score” the animals to check their body size below their lovely fleeces. To be honest though this is only likely to occur on long term house sits.
House Sitting Care for Alpacas
There are two types of alpaca.
The Huacaya which has a fine dense fleece that grows straight out from its body.
The Suri which has a soft fleece that hangs down from the body in long locks.
Alpacas eat grass and hay. As well as grazing, they will also browse hedgerows and sometimes eat tree bark. They don’t always realize that poisonous weeds (such as ragwort) are off limits so it’s important to check to see if anything needs to be controlled.
Because they developed in harsh Andean conditions, they make excellent use of their feed, and can thrive on poorer pasture than most farm stock, easily gaining weight if fed specialist concentrated foods.
You shouldn’t feed alpacas any form of grain or grain based foods including multi nuts, horse nuts, pig nuts or bread – eating grain based foods can lead to ulcers and possible death.
Alpacas are herd animals and should never be kept alone as this will cause severe stress. Alpacas need to be shorn once a year, usually in the summer but never groomed as this can damage the fibre in their fleeces.
Apart from toe nail trimming occasionally, alpacas need very little regular maintenance.
We got our information from these great reference sites below:
Hopefully we’ve given you a bit more information about these delightful animals, that will help you decide whether house sitting for alpacas or llamas is for you!